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Abortion Process

Abortion is a kind of medical process used for pregnancy termination. It is a personal and often difficult decision for a person to make, and the process can vary depending on several factors, such as the type of abortion procedure chosen and the stage of the pregnancy. As per the discussion held with an abortion doctor in Delhi, here is everything that you should know about the abortion process.

Types of Abortion Procedures

There are three types of abortion procedures:  

  • Medical Abortion - Medical abortion, also referred to as "the abortion pill," is a procedure that uses medication to terminate a pregnancy. It is usually an option for individuals in the early stages of pregnancy (up to 10 weeks) and involves taking two pills, mifepristone and misoprostol, a few days apart. Mifepristone blocks the hormone progesterone, which is essential for a pregnancy to continue, while misoprostol induces the uterus to contract and expel the pregnancy. The process usually lasts for a few hours to a few days, and patients may experience cramping, bleeding, and nausea.

  • Aspiration Abortion - Aspiration abortion, also known as suction or vacuum aspiration, is a procedure that uses a small tube inserted into the uterus to suction out the pregnancy. It is typically performed within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, although it may also be an option in later stages. The procedure typically takes around 10 minutes, and patients may experience cramping and bleeding afterward.

  • Dilation and Evacuation (D&E) Abortion - Dilation and evacuation (D&E) abortion is a procedure used for pregnancies in later stages, typically between 13 and 24 weeks. It involves dilating the cervix and using suction and instruments to remove the pregnancy from the uterus. The procedure typically takes between 10 and 30 minutes, and patients may experience cramping and bleeding afterward.

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The Abortion Process

  • Before the Procedure – Before undergoing an abortion procedure, patients typically meet with a healthcare provider to discuss their options and any potential risks and complications. They may also undergo a physical exam, blood tests, and an ultrasound to determine the length of the pregnancy and the best option for the procedure.

  • During the Procedure - The actual abortion procedure will vary depending on the type of procedure chosen. Medical abortion involves taking medication at home, while aspiration and D&E abortions are performed in a clinic or hospital setting under local or general anaesthesia.

  • After the Procedure - After an abortion procedure, patients may experience cramping, bleeding, and other side effects, depending on the type of procedure performed. They will typically be provided with instructions for self-care and follow-up appointments to monitor their recovery and ensure there are no complications.

Suggest to Read:- Compassionate Care for Women Facing Unplanned Pregnancies

Risks and Complications

As with any medical procedure, there are potential risks and complications associated with abortion. These may include infection, bleeding, injury to the uterus or other organs, and adverse reactions to anaesthesia or medication. However, the risks are generally low, and complications are rare.


Abortion is a personal decision that requires careful consideration and access to safe and legal healthcare options. The type of abortion procedure chosen will depend on several factors, including the stage of pregnancy and the patient's medical history and personal preferences. Patients should always seek out the advice and guidance of a qualified healthcare provider when considering an abortion and should be provided with compassionate and non-judgmental care throughout the process.